Inheritance Object Model Concept
Inheritance in the object model is a means of defining one class in terms of another. This is common usage for most of us. For example, a conifer is a type of tree. There are certain characteristics that are true for all trees, yet there are specific characteristics for conifers.
Note that in an object model, there is no distinction in usage between system pre-defined types and user-defined types. This is known as extensibility. So it is possible to define a type as a sub-type of a system type or as a sub-type of a user-define type.
So, if you would look at a Student object, you would see attributes of name, date of birth, parents, children, and student ID.
For more on methods, see dispatching.
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More on the general topic: Object Model Concepts