This section provides a brief background on many of the important consortia and standards organizations working on specifications related to Web Services. At one time, software standards needed to be approved by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) or the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The last decade or so, however, has seen the rise in importance of industry consortia developing standard specifications. The reasons for this vary, but industry consortia now play an important role in the creation of standards.

It may seem that with all the consortia and traditional standards bodies, the specification setting may become a competitive process. That does happen, but more often, you find organizations working together. Some examples include:

  • developed the initial release of Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI) and then turned it over to Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS).
  • Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol (BEEP) from The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has a SOAP mapping. SOAP is from World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
  • The adoption of W3C's SOAP in the electronic business using eXtensible Markup Language (ebXML) transport specification. RosettaNet also announced its adoption of the ebXML transport.
  • ebXML is sponsored by United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) and OASIS. OASIS has adopted specifications that resulted from this sponsorship.
  • Microsoft developed the C# object-programming language and submitted it to ECMA. C# is now an ECMA standard.
  • ContentGuard developed the eXtensible rights Markup Language (XrML) and contributed it as the base of a rights language in the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS).

Organizations described on this site are listed below. You can also navigate among the organizations by using the menu tree at the left of each page.

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The Savvy Manager's Guide

is also the author of a book that explains Web Services, service-oriented architecture, and Cloud Computing in an easy-to-understand, non-technical manner.

Web Services, Service-Oriented Architectures, and Cloud Computing: The Savvy Manager's Guide

by with David Dick

This is a guide for the savvy manager who wants to capitalize on the wave of change that is occurring with Web Services, service-oriented architecture, and—more recently—Cloud Computing. The changes wrought by these technologies will require both a basic grasp of the technologies and an effective way to deal with how these changes will affect the people who build and use the systems in our organizations. This book covers both issues. Managers at all levels of all organizations must be aware of both the changes that we are now seeing and ways to deal with issues created by those changes.